Diabetic Foot Care/Calluses


The forming of calluses is caused by the accumulation of dead skin cells that harden and thicken over an area on the foot. The forming of a callus is the body’s natural defense mechanism against excessive pressure and friction. Calluses are most commonly found on ball-of-the-foot, the heel and/or inside or outside of the big toe. Some calluses develop a deep seated core called a nucleation. This specific type of callus is painfully sensitive to pressure.

Calluses develop when a specific area of the foot is subjected to excessive and direct pressure. Some common causes of calluses forming are: high heeled shoes, shoes that are too small or too tight, obesity, abnormalities in walking motion, flat feet, high arched feet, bony prominences, and the loss of the protective fat pad on the bottom of the foot.

Cutting calluses with a knife, scissors or razor blade are common methods used to alleviate the pain of calluses. Cutting calluses with knifes, scissors or razor blades is very dangerous and may worsen the condition resulting in accidental and unnecessary injury. Diabetics should never try this type of treatment.

To relieve the excess pressure that causes calluses, weight should be redistributed equally through the use of orthotic devices. Effective orthotic devices transfer pressure away from sore spots and high pressure areas and allow calluses to heal. It is recommended that orthotic devices be constructed from materials that absorb shock and friction forces. Women should resist the urge to wear high heeled shoes.

Using Dr. Greenfield’s Diabetic Foot Cream twice daily can help keep foot skin soft and supple. Apply Dr. Greenfield’s Diabetic Foot Cream in the morning after bathing or before dressing. Liberally apply Dr. Greenfield’s Diabetic Foot Cream to feet in the evening and prolong the benefits of the treatment by placing socks on feet before retiring. As a deterrent to friction, apply Dr. Greenfield’s ChafeShield product to pressure points inside shoes and to the corresponding areas on feet, socks and stockings.

When problems persist, consult your foot doctor.

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